Publications, Research & Reports

Summaries of interesting and useful research. Be better informed on a variety of topics. Use up to date research in your work.
woman at computer with VR headset
Technology-Enabled Innovations in the Skills and Employment Ecosystem (2020)
Posted on: May 17, 2022
This paper outlines places where technology can provide or is providing innovative approaches in the skills and employment ecosystem. It also details the ways in which technology can address the skills gap, including its potential for enhancing skills development and helping organizations improve and adapt.
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Diverse doctor and nurse
Globally Trained Local Talent - Opening Pathways for Internationally Educated Professionals to Strengthen Ontario’s Health Care System (2022)
Posted on: April 9, 2022
This paper recommends ways to unlock the talent of internationally educated health professionals by addressing barriers related to three areas: immigration status, the registration (licensure) process, and employment opportunities.
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Three diverse women sitting at boardroom table
Workfinding & Immigrant Women’s Prosperity in STEM (2020)
Posted on: April 9, 2022
The lived experiences of STEM-trained immigrant women in Canada are critically understudied; especially when examined through an overlapping economic and social lens at the intersections of gender, race, ability,  language, health, housing, isolation, access to critical services and market-related information... this study aims to present a pan-Canadian snapshot of the workfinding journeys undertaken by STEM-trained women who immigrated to Canada in the past 15 years.
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Clueless business people who don't understand how to value immigrant economic and labour contributions
Macroeconomic Impacts of Canadian Immigration: Results from a Macro-Model (2012)
Posted on: April 9, 2022
The tinderbox of potential concerns on the part of immigrants from their lack of economic assimilation could turn into an inferno if it were also accompanied by negative reactions on the part of domestic-born Canadians if immigrants were having a negative impact on the labour market for domestic-born workers or on the macro-economy in general. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether there is such a negative effect.
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Women of colour sitting at boardroom table together
Bridging the Gap - Immigrant Women and Their Labour Market Integration in the GTA (2022)
Posted on: April 9, 2022
This Toronto Region Immigrant Employment Council (TRIEC) report provides insights on barriers to immigrant women’s employment and offers recommendations on how to better support their career entry and growth in the GTA.
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Supporting Newcomers and Migrants in Rural Canada During and After COVID-19 (2020)
Posted on: November 27, 2021
This paper presents the current knowledge of how newcomers and migrants are being impacted by the pandemic, the responses of rural communities, and what this means for our understanding of rural immigration moving forward.
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The labour market outcomes of economic immigrants in the skilled trades (2021) - male black electrician at work
The labour market outcomes of economic immigrants in the skilled trades (2021)
Posted on: November 27, 2021
This article examines trends in the admission and labour market outcomes of economic immigrant principal applicants who intended to work in skilled trades.
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A Critical Literature Review on English as a Second Language (ESL) Provision for Newcomers, Including Global Citizenship Perspectives (2021)
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Posted on: November 27, 2021
This study focuses on the current state of funded ESL programming in Canada that interconnects with adult education for the economy and its relevance to supporting the integration and long-term settlement of adult Newcomers (Permanent Residents and Refugees).
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Finding Employment Barriers and Challenges for Newcomers and Racialized Individuals (2021) - East Asian men and women looking at computer screen
Finding Employment: Barriers and Challenges for Newcomers and Racialized Individuals (2021)
Posted on: November 27, 2021
As part of a project to work with small and medium employers to help them understand the benefits of hiring Newcomer and Racialized workers, ACCES Employment surveyed past program participants with an Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion (EDI) survey about their thoughts, experiences and recommendations, particularly around employment issues pertaining to racial and gender discrimination.
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Valued Workers, Valuable Work: The Current and Future Role of (Im)migrant Talent (2021) - 2 women of colour looking at computer
Valued Workers, Valuable Work: The Current and Future Role of (Im)migrant Talent (2021)
Posted on: November 14, 2021
Canada’s economic immigration system focuses on highly educated immigrants, but this does not always correspond with the labour demand in essential sectors. This impact paper suggests several possible solutions.
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Make or Break - How middle managers and executives can build immigrant-inclusive teams (2021)
Posted on: August 20, 2021
This study looks at how executives can support middle management to be more inclusive – and what middle managers can do to pave the way for immigrant success in their teams.
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Improving refugee integration through data-driven algorithmic assignment (2018)
Improving refugee integration through data-driven algorithmic assignment (2018)
Posted on: August 20, 2021
The authors developed a flexible data-driven algorithm that assigns refugees across resettlement locations to improve integration outcomes.The algorithm uses a combination of supervised machine learning and optimal matching to discover and leverage  synergies between refugee characteristics and resettlement sites.
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Supporting Canada’s COVID-19 Resilience and Recovery Through Robust Immigration Policy and Programs (2021)
Supporting Canada’s COVID-19 Resilience and Recovery Through Robust Immigration Policy and Programs (2021)
Posted on: August 20, 2021
The importance of immigration for Canada will continue to grow and be an integral component of the country’s post-COVID-19 recovery. To succeed, it is essential to take stock, to re-evaluate Canada’s immigration and integration policies and programs, and to expand Canada’s global leadership in this area.
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Immigrants and the Creative Economy (2019)
Immigrants and the Creative Economy (2019)
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Posted on: August 12, 2021
This study focused on how immigrant artists and creative sector workers are integrated into Toronto’s creative economy – and the services that help them do so. The study has two principal components: 1. Documentation of the services and programs offered to immigrants to Canada who may desire to integrate into Toronto’s creative economy, and 2. An analysis of the entry points used by immigrants to access Toronto’s creative economy.
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Global Talent for SMEs - Building Bridges and Making Connections (2012)
Global Talent for SMEs - Building Bridges and Making Connections (2012)
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Posted on: August 12, 2021
This report summarizes the findings of a year-long study of promising, new or innovative initiatives that can help connect SMEs with the skilled immigrant labour pool.
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Task Force on Access to Professions and Trades in Ontario (1989)
Task Force on Access to Professions and Trades in Ontario (1989)
Posted on: August 12, 2021
In the late 1980s, the Task Force on Access to the Professions and Trades in Ontario looked into the requirements for entry to Ontario's professions, occupation by occupation. The Task Force undertook a detailed review of the organizational structures of regulated occupations in Ontario, with a view to determining not only if such structures are giving rise to discriminatory practices but also whether they have the potential to do so, depending upon their use and application.
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The Non-Accreditation of Immigrant Professionals in Canada: Societal Dimensions of the Problem (1999)
The Non-Accreditation of Immigrant Professionals in Canada: Societal Dimensions of the Problem (1999)
Posted on: August 12, 2021
This paper explores issues related to the problem of the non-accreditation of foreign-trained professionals in Canada. It touches on the major societal impacts of the problem plus the stages and barriers in the immigrant accreditation process. It also examines some policy initiatives presently being undertaken by the major stakeholders such as provincial and federal governments, post-secondary educational institutions, professional bodies and employers
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Tech for All: Breaking Barriers in Toronto’s Innovation Community (2018)
Posted on: September 29, 2020
This survey-based report explores diversity, inclusion and belonging (DIBs) in Toronto’s tech sector.
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A Canada-U.S. Comparison of the Economic Outcomes of STEM Immigrants (2020)
A Canada-U.S. Comparison of the Economic Outcomes of STEM Immigrants (2020)
Posted on: September 28, 2020
This report examines the Canada–U.S. differences in the occupational skill utilization and earnings of STEM-educated immigrant workers.
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What are the Settlement Experiences of Newly Settled Newcomers to Western Canada (2014)
Posted on: September 24, 2020
The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the settlement experiences of immigrants, such as their use and satisfaction with settlement services and how these services may influence integration into educational institutions, the labour market and the wider society and to examine common trends within five Canadian data sets.
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Collectively Figuring It Out: Foreign-Trained Health Professionals and Labour Market Integration (2015)
Collectively Figuring It Out: Foreign-Trained Health Professionals and Labour Market Integration (2015)
Posted on: September 24, 2020
The researchers examined the nature of information in foreign-trained health professionals’ lives as they attempt to integrate into the North American labor market and the role that online discussion forums play in channeling the discussions.
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Including Immigrants in Canadian Society: What Role do ICTs Play? (2007)
Posted on: September 24, 2020
This report examines how and why immigrants to Canada make use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) as they move through the stages of immigration.
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Immigration and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (2020)
Immigration and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (2020)
Posted on: September 14, 2020
This study examines the empirical relationship between immigration and firm-level productivity in Canada.
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Persistent overqualification among immigrants and non-immigrants (2020)
Posted on: September 5, 2020
Using integrated data from the 2006 and 2016 censuses, this study examines persistent overqualification over time among immigrants and non-immigrants.
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Who is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants (2019)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This study is intended to inform Canadian policy and practice with respect to skilled immigrants, and to increase awareness among prospective immigrants of the factors that are associated with labour force success.
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Improving Immigrant Inclusion in the Workplace (2019)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This project aimed to uncover organizational practices and strategies to facilitate immigrant attraction, inclusion and retention.
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The Improved Labour Market Performance of New Immigrants to Canada, 2006-2019 (2020)
The Improved Labour Market Performance of New Immigrants to Canada, 2006-2019 (2020)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This report provides a descriptive analysis of the labour market outcomes of new immigrants to Canada from 2006 to 2019.
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Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery
Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study found that recent immigrants were more likely than Canadian-born workers to move out of employment in March and April mainly because of their shorter job tenure and over-representation in lower-wage jobs.
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The State of Migrant Farm Workers in Canada - Special Report: Marking three decades of advocacy on behalf of Canada’s most exploited workforce (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This report suggests that fair treatment of Canada’s agricultural workers requires several urgent and significant reforms at both the federal and provincial levels.
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Two-step Immigration Selection: Skilled Work Experience vs. Pre-arranged Jobs
Two-step immigration selection: Skilled work experience vs. pre-arranged jobs (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study focuses on the economic immigrants who were selected under Canada's Express Entry system in 2015 and 2016. It compares the degree to which Canadian work experience before immigration and pre-arranged employment at the time of application predict the initial labour market outcomes of these economic immigrants.
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Two-step immigration selection: Why did immigrant labour market outcomes vary by admission programs? (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This article examines the role of two-step selection in explaining differences in the short-term and medium-term outcomes of economic immigrants in four major admission programs: FSWP, PNP, QSWP, and CEC.
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Migrant Care Labour and the COVID-19 Long-term Care Crisis - How Did We Get Here (2020)
Migrant Care Labour and the COVID-19 Long-term Care Crisis: How Did We Get Here? (2020)
Posted on: August 9, 2020
This paper provides some context regarding the care crisis in LTC facilities, in particular its relationship with the type and skill mix of labour, including the degree to which immigrant workers are represented in this sector.
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Post-Covid 19: The need to revisit Canada’s work regulation toward professional immigrants (2020)
Post-Covid 19: The need to revisit Canada’s work regulation toward professional immigrants (2020)
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Posted on: August 9, 2020
In this article, the author explores why during the Corona Virus Pandemic that Canada suffers from a shortage of health care professionals, it cannot benefit from its own immigrant professionals who immigrated to Canada as skilled workers?
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Innovation in Immigrant-owned Firms in Canada (2020)
Posted on: June 17, 2020
This study found that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) owned by immigrants were more likely than similar enterprises owned by Canadian-born individuals to implement a product or process innovation (2020).
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More Than a Place of Refuge
More Than a Place of Refuge: Meaningful engagement of Government-assisted refugees in the future of work (2020)
Posted on: May 5, 2020
The evolution of the Canadian labour market threatens to aggravate the challenges facing resettled refugees. This report proposes six recommendations for the Government of Canada to better support Government Assisted Refugees (GARs) to succeed in the labour market (2020).
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Who Is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants
Who Is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants
Posted on: February 2, 2020
World Education Services (WES) conducted a survey-based study to examine predictors of skilled immigrants’ career success. They examined the demographic characteristics of skilled immigrants as well as their experience and education, and studied how these factors affect their labour market outcomes.
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How Much Do They Make? New Evidence on the Early Career Earnings of Canadian Post-Secondary Education Graduates by Credential & Field of Study
How Much Do They Make? New Evidence on the Early Career Earnings of Canadian Post-Secondary Education Graduates by Credential & Field of Study
Posted on: February 2, 2020
Choices about post-secondary education (PSE) launch individuals onto their future educational and career paths. These decisions are vitally important to Canada’s economic prosperity as well to many individual and social outcomes. Against this backdrop, this joint LMIC-EPRI report provides extensive new evidence on the labour market earnings of PSE graduates.
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Canadian Immigrant Youth and the Education-Employment Nexus
Canadian Immigrant Youth and the Education-Employment Nexus
Posted on: January 26, 2020
The authors call for greater attention to this critical population and make nine recommendations that would contribute to solutions in each major issue area impacting the education of Canadian immigrant youth and their entry into the workforce.
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language-proficiency-and-the-economic-integration-of-immigrants
Language proficiency and immigrants’ economic integration
Posted on: January 26, 2020
Examining the strengths and weaknesses of objective and subjective measures of language proficiency is crucial for good integration policy, as is understanding the relationship between these measures and earnings, a key indicator of economic integration.
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Canada’s Colour Coded Income Inequality
Posted on: January 4, 2020
This paper uses 2016 census data to paint a portrait of income inequality between racialized and non-racialized Canadians. It also looks at the labour market discrimina­tion faced by racialized workers in 2006 and 2016. Racialized workers are more likely to be active in the workforce than non-racialized workers, either working or trying to find work, but this does not result in better employment outcomes for them. From 2006 to 2016, there was little change to the patterns of employment and earnings inequality along racial and gender lines in Canada.
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The Working Poor in the Toronto Region: A closer look at the increasing numbers
The Working Poor in the Toronto Region: A closer look at the increasing numbers
Posted on: January 4, 2020
The rate of working poverty in Canada, Ontario, and the Toronto region is increasing. The growth in precarious employment and the gig economy have all come together to increase the number of people who are working for wages that cannot sustain them and drawing incomes too low to lift them out of poverty.
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“I will not leave my body here”: Migrant farmworkers' health and safety amidst a climate of coercion
Posted on: December 18, 2019
This study highlights two main themes that illustrate the implicit and complex mechanisms that can structure migrant agricultural workers’ workplace climate, and ultimately, endanger their health and safety: (1) authorities that silence; and (2) ‘I will not leave my body here.’
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overeducation immigrants
Immigrant skill utilization: Immigrants with STEM education and trends in over-education
Posted on: December 13, 2019
Based on the 2016 Census data, the study ‘Skill Utilization and Earnings of STEM-educated Immigrants in Canada: Differences by Degree Level and Field of Study’ compares the likelihood of immigrant and Canadian-born workers with a degree in a STEM field to be working in a STEM-related occupation.
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Over-education Among University-educated Immigrants in Canada and the United States
Over-education Among University-educated Immigrants in Canada and the United States
By:
Posted on: December 3, 2019
Using comparable data and three measures of over-education, this study found that university-educated recent immigrants in Canada were much more likely to be over-educated than their U.S. peers.
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Rebalancing the Opportunity Equation
Rebalancing the Opportunity Equation
Posted on: September 4, 2019
This report looks at income trends between 1980 and 2015, as well as the income gap between young people, immigrants, racialized groups and the rest of the population in Peel, Toronto and York regions. The findings paint a stark picture of who has access to the opportunities to succeed, and who is being left behind because of circumstances they can’t control. 
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Brain gain and waste in Canada: Physicians and nurses by place of birth and training
Posted on: August 9, 2019
This chapter documents changes from 2006 to 2016 in the number of physicians, registered nurses (RNs) and practical nurses (PNs) in Canada. It identifies those working in each occupation as well as those reporting relevant educational credentials but not working in the occupation.
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Becoming Canadian: Immigrant narratives of professional attainment
Posted on: July 29, 2019
We investigate how economic immigrants in Canada negotiate their identity in the process of “becoming Canadian” through an analysis of public texts. Drawing on the master narrative framework, we examine the interplay between individual and societal narratives as immigrants grapple with the tension between notions of “desirable” immigrants as those that are well integrated professionally and the reality of facing career related barriers.
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Start-Up Visas: A Passport for Innovation and Growth?
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Posted on: July 18, 2019
This report examines the varied forms start-up visas take and their role within national (and occasionally regional) immigration systems. Though many of these visa programs are only a few years old, the report offers early insights into whether they are meeting their aim of attracting immigrant entrepreneurs, as well as some lessons learned for policymakers—among them, the value of involving industry experts in evaluating visa applicants’ business ideas, of embedding start-up visas within broader innovation strategies, and of supporting risk-taking.
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Waterloo Region Immigration Profile
Posted on: June 17, 2019
This report provides a profile of immigration in Waterloo Region by presenting data on both recent and established immigrants as well as temporary residents. The purpose of the report is to increase the understanding of immigrant populations in Waterloo Region to ensure that as a region and community, appropriate services and strategies are planned to include the broader needs of this population.
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The Economic Mobility Pathways Project – Policy Principles and Lessons Learned
Posted on: June 17, 2019
This paper provides a summary of the EMPP, the partners, and government branches involved in its implementation, and the lessons that have been observed thus far. It explores the policy dimensions and implications of merging two distinct, and traditionally separate worlds, and the innovative partnerships integral to the successful implementation of complementary labour pathways in the long term.
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Equipping Immigrant Selection Systems for a Changing World of Work (Transatlantic Council Statement)
Posted on: June 4, 2019
This report explores the implication of the changing world of work for immigrant selection systems, highlighting key challenges such as figuring out how to anticipate future labor-market needs, balance employer demand with human-capital considerations, and build an element of regional variation into selection processes.
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Computer use among immigrants in the workplace - how does it vary by gender, educational level, ethnicity, occupation and tenure? (2012)
Posted on: February 28, 2012
In order to assess the occupational integration of immigrants, this report asks whether immigrants and the Canadian-born have equal access to jobs that incorporate high levels of occupational skill.
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Are immigrant wages affected by the source of job search information? (2010)
Posted on: March 28, 2010
What are the labour market outcomes – in this case defined as average hourly wages – for currently employed immigrants, based on the source of information used to find their job?
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I try to stay on top of technology and innovation news, trends, and good ideas in the immigrant and refugee-serving sector in Canada. If you'd like a weekly newsletter of what I find - interesting research, tools, resources, projects and people, subscribe to my newsletter.