Publications, Research & Reports

Tech for All: Breaking Barriers in Toronto’s Innovation Community (2018)
Posted on: September 29, 2020
This survey-based report explores diversity, inclusion and belonging (DIBs) in Toronto’s tech sector.
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A Canada-U.S. Comparison of the Economic Outcomes of STEM Immigrants (2020)
A Canada-U.S. Comparison of the Economic Outcomes of STEM Immigrants (2020)
Posted on: September 28, 2020
This report examines the Canada–U.S. differences in the occupational skill utilization and earnings of STEM-educated immigrant workers.
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What are the Settlement Experiences of Newly Settled Newcomers to Western Canada (2014)
Posted on: September 24, 2020
The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the settlement experiences of immigrants, such as their use and satisfaction with settlement services and how these services may influence integration into educational institutions, the labour market and the wider society and to examine common trends within five Canadian data sets.
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Collectively Figuring It Out: Foreign-Trained Health Professionals and Labour Market Integration (2015)
Collectively Figuring It Out: Foreign-Trained Health Professionals and Labour Market Integration (2015)
Posted on: September 24, 2020
The researchers examined the nature of information in foreign-trained health professionals’ lives as they attempt to integrate into the North American labor market and the role that online discussion forums play in channeling the discussions.
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Including Immigrants in Canadian Society: What Role do ICTs Play? (2007)
Posted on: September 24, 2020
This report examines how and why immigrants to Canada make use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) as they move through the stages of immigration.
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Immigration and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (2020)
Immigration and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (2020)
Posted on: September 14, 2020
This study examines the empirical relationship between immigration and firm-level productivity in Canada.
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Persistent overqualification among immigrants and non-immigrants (2020)
Posted on: September 5, 2020
Using integrated data from the 2006 and 2016 censuses, this study examines persistent overqualification over time among immigrants and non-immigrants.
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Who is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants (2019)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This study is intended to inform Canadian policy and practice with respect to skilled immigrants, and to increase awareness among prospective immigrants of the factors that are associated with labour force success.
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Improving Immigrant Inclusion in the Workplace (2019)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This project aimed to uncover organizational practices and strategies to facilitate immigrant attraction, inclusion and retention.
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The Improved Labour Market Performance of New Immigrants to Canada, 2006-2019 (2020)
The Improved Labour Market Performance of New Immigrants to Canada, 2006-2019 (2020)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This report provides a descriptive analysis of the labour market outcomes of new immigrants to Canada from 2006 to 2019.
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Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery
Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study found that recent immigrants were more likely than Canadian-born workers to move out of employment in March and April mainly because of their shorter job tenure and over-representation in lower-wage jobs.
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The State of Migrant Farm Workers in Canada - Special Report: Marking three decades of advocacy on behalf of Canada’s most exploited workforce (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This report suggests that fair treatment of Canada’s agricultural workers requires several urgent and significant reforms at both the federal and provincial levels.
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Two-step Immigration Selection: Skilled Work Experience vs. Pre-arranged Jobs
Two-step immigration selection: Skilled work experience vs. pre-arranged jobs (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study focuses on the economic immigrants who were selected under Canada's Express Entry system in 2015 and 2016. It compares the degree to which Canadian work experience before immigration and pre-arranged employment at the time of application predict the initial labour market outcomes of these economic immigrants.
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Two-step immigration selection: Why did immigrant labour market outcomes vary by admission programs? (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This article examines the role of two-step selection in explaining differences in the short-term and medium-term outcomes of economic immigrants in four major admission programs: FSWP, PNP, QSWP, and CEC.
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Migrant Care Labour and the COVID-19 Long-term Care Crisis - How Did We Get Here (2020)
Migrant Care Labour and the COVID-19 Long-term Care Crisis: How Did We Get Here? (2020)
Posted on: August 9, 2020
This paper provides some context regarding the care crisis in LTC facilities, in particular its relationship with the type and skill mix of labour, including the degree to which immigrant workers are represented in this sector.
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Post-Covid 19: The need to revisit Canada’s work regulation toward professional immigrants (2020)
Post-Covid 19: The need to revisit Canada’s work regulation toward professional immigrants (2020)
By:
Posted on: August 9, 2020
In this article, the author explores why during the Corona Virus Pandemic that Canada suffers from a shortage of health care professionals, it cannot benefit from its own immigrant professionals who immigrated to Canada as skilled workers?
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Innovation in Immigrant-owned Firms in Canada (2020)
Posted on: June 17, 2020
This study found that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) owned by immigrants were more likely than similar enterprises owned by Canadian-born individuals to implement a product or process innovation (2020).
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More Than a Place of Refuge
More Than a Place of Refuge: Meaningful engagement of Government-assisted refugees in the future of work (2020)
Posted on: May 5, 2020
The evolution of the Canadian labour market threatens to aggravate the challenges facing resettled refugees. This report proposes six recommendations for the Government of Canada to better support Government Assisted Refugees (GARs) to succeed in the labour market (2020).
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Who Is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants
Who Is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants
Posted on: February 2, 2020
World Education Services (WES) conducted a survey-based study to examine predictors of skilled immigrants’ career success. They examined the demographic characteristics of skilled immigrants as well as their experience and education, and studied how these factors affect their labour market outcomes.
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How Much Do They Make? New Evidence on the Early Career Earnings of Canadian Post-Secondary Education Graduates by Credential & Field of Study
How Much Do They Make? New Evidence on the Early Career Earnings of Canadian Post-Secondary Education Graduates by Credential & Field of Study
Posted on: February 2, 2020
Choices about post-secondary education (PSE) launch individuals onto their future educational and career paths. These decisions are vitally important to Canada’s economic prosperity as well to many individual and social outcomes. Against this backdrop, this joint LMIC-EPRI report provides extensive new evidence on the labour market earnings of PSE graduates.
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Canadian Immigrant Youth and the Education-Employment Nexus
Canadian Immigrant Youth and the Education-Employment Nexus
Posted on: January 26, 2020
The authors call for greater attention to this critical population and make nine recommendations that would contribute to solutions in each major issue area impacting the education of Canadian immigrant youth and their entry into the workforce.
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language-proficiency-and-the-economic-integration-of-immigrants
Language proficiency and immigrants’ economic integration
Posted on: January 26, 2020
Examining the strengths and weaknesses of objective and subjective measures of language proficiency is crucial for good integration policy, as is understanding the relationship between these measures and earnings, a key indicator of economic integration.
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Canada’s Colour Coded Income Inequality
Posted on: January 4, 2020
This paper uses 2016 census data to paint a portrait of income inequality between racialized and non-racialized Canadians. It also looks at the labour market discrimina­tion faced by racialized workers in 2006 and 2016. Racialized workers are more likely to be active in the workforce than non-racialized workers, either working or trying to find work, but this does not result in better employment outcomes for them. From 2006 to 2016, there was little change to the patterns of employment and earnings inequality along racial and gender lines in Canada.
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The Working Poor in the Toronto Region: A closer look at the increasing numbers
The Working Poor in the Toronto Region: A closer look at the increasing numbers
Posted on: January 4, 2020
The rate of working poverty in Canada, Ontario, and the Toronto region is increasing. The growth in precarious employment and the gig economy have all come together to increase the number of people who are working for wages that cannot sustain them and drawing incomes too low to lift them out of poverty.
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“I will not leave my body here”: Migrant farmworkers' health and safety amidst a climate of coercion
Posted on: December 18, 2019
This study highlights two main themes that illustrate the implicit and complex mechanisms that can structure migrant agricultural workers’ workplace climate, and ultimately, endanger their health and safety: (1) authorities that silence; and (2) ‘I will not leave my body here.’
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overeducation immigrants
Immigrant skill utilization: Immigrants with STEM education and trends in over-education
Posted on: December 13, 2019
Based on the 2016 Census data, the study ‘Skill Utilization and Earnings of STEM-educated Immigrants in Canada: Differences by Degree Level and Field of Study’ compares the likelihood of immigrant and Canadian-born workers with a degree in a STEM field to be working in a STEM-related occupation.
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Over-education Among University-educated Immigrants in Canada and the United States
Over-education Among University-educated Immigrants in Canada and the United States
By:
Posted on: December 3, 2019
Using comparable data and three measures of over-education, this study found that university-educated recent immigrants in Canada were much more likely to be over-educated than their U.S. peers.
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Rebalancing the Opportunity Equation
Rebalancing the Opportunity Equation
Posted on: September 4, 2019
This report looks at income trends between 1980 and 2015, as well as the income gap between young people, immigrants, racialized groups and the rest of the population in Peel, Toronto and York regions. The findings paint a stark picture of who has access to the opportunities to succeed, and who is being left behind because of circumstances they can’t control. 
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Brain gain and waste in Canada: Physicians and nurses by place of birth and training
Posted on: August 9, 2019
This chapter documents changes from 2006 to 2016 in the number of physicians, registered nurses (RNs) and practical nurses (PNs) in Canada. It identifies those working in each occupation as well as those reporting relevant educational credentials but not working in the occupation.
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Becoming Canadian: Immigrant narratives of professional attainment
Posted on: July 29, 2019
We investigate how economic immigrants in Canada negotiate their identity in the process of “becoming Canadian” through an analysis of public texts. Drawing on the master narrative framework, we examine the interplay between individual and societal narratives as immigrants grapple with the tension between notions of “desirable” immigrants as those that are well integrated professionally and the reality of facing career related barriers.
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Start-Up Visas: A Passport for Innovation and Growth?
By:
Posted on: July 18, 2019
This report examines the varied forms start-up visas take and their role within national (and occasionally regional) immigration systems. Though many of these visa programs are only a few years old, the report offers early insights into whether they are meeting their aim of attracting immigrant entrepreneurs, as well as some lessons learned for policymakers—among them, the value of involving industry experts in evaluating visa applicants’ business ideas, of embedding start-up visas within broader innovation strategies, and of supporting risk-taking.
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Waterloo Region Immigration Profile
Posted on: June 17, 2019
This report provides a profile of immigration in Waterloo Region by presenting data on both recent and established immigrants as well as temporary residents. The purpose of the report is to increase the understanding of immigrant populations in Waterloo Region to ensure that as a region and community, appropriate services and strategies are planned to include the broader needs of this population.
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The Economic Mobility Pathways Project – Policy Principles and Lessons Learned
Posted on: June 17, 2019
This paper provides a summary of the EMPP, the partners, and government branches involved in its implementation, and the lessons that have been observed thus far. It explores the policy dimensions and implications of merging two distinct, and traditionally separate worlds, and the innovative partnerships integral to the successful implementation of complementary labour pathways in the long term.
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Equipping Immigrant Selection Systems for a Changing World of Work (Transatlantic Council Statement)
Posted on: June 4, 2019
This report explores the implication of the changing world of work for immigrant selection systems, highlighting key challenges such as figuring out how to anticipate future labor-market needs, balance employer demand with human-capital considerations, and build an element of regional variation into selection processes.
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Computer use among immigrants in the workplace - how does it vary by gender, educational level, ethnicity, occupation and tenure?
Posted on: February 28, 2012
In order to assess the occupational integration of immigrants, this report asks whether immigrants and the Canadian-born have equal access to jobs that incorporate high levels of occupational skill.
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Are immigrant wages affected by the source of job search information?
Posted on: March 28, 2010
What are the labour market outcomes – in this case defined as average hourly wages – for currently employed immigrants, based on the source of information used to find their job?
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