Publications, Research & Reports

Summaries of interesting and useful research. Be better informed on a variety of topics. Use up to date research in your work.
The Medium Is the Message - WeChat, YouTube, and Facebook Usage and Acculturation Outcomes (2021)
The Medium Is the Message - WeChat, YouTube, and Facebook Usage and Acculturation Outcomes (2021)
Posted on: October 13, 2021
Social media usage has been recognized as an integral part of immigrants’ acculturation experiences, yet research on social media is just emerging, and more detailed understanding is needed. In this report, researchers sought to understand how Chinese immigrants’ social media use influences their acculturation experiences. They looked at which social media platforms Chinese immigrants use and for what purposes, as well as what influence social media use has on their acculturation process in Canada. Their findings echo and reinforce what we have heard and know about newcomer use of social media and information practices, offering additional evidence and practical tips for immigrant and refugee-serving organizations.
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Born in Facebook: The Refugee Crisis and Grassroots Connective Action in Hungary (2016)
Born in Facebook: The Refugee Crisis and Grassroots Connective Action in Hungary (2016)
Posted on: August 20, 2021
This article explores the impact of social networking sites on social movements and collective action. Literature on the subject ranges from celebratory claims to critical stances. However, the more sophisticated approach conceptualizing “connective action” broadens the theoretical scope. The case of Migration Aid, a Hungarian Facebook-based grassroots relief group for refugees, is such an example.
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Global Talent for SMEs - Building Bridges and Making Connections (2012)
Global Talent for SMEs - Building Bridges and Making Connections (2012)
By:
Posted on: August 12, 2021
This report summarizes the findings of a year-long study of promising, new or innovative initiatives that can help connect SMEs with the skilled immigrant labour pool.
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Settlement Outcomes Highlights Report (2021)
Settlement Outcomes Highlights Report (2021)
Posted on: August 12, 2021
The Highlights Report is a compilation of existing data and research that provides evidence on newcomer settlement outcomes that support integration within Canada, for both clients of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)’s Settlement Program and non-clients.
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Tech for All: Breaking Barriers in Toronto’s Innovation Community (2018)
Posted on: September 29, 2020
This survey-based report explores diversity, inclusion and belonging (DIBs) in Toronto’s tech sector.
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A Canada-U.S. Comparison of the Economic Outcomes of STEM Immigrants (2020)
A Canada-U.S. Comparison of the Economic Outcomes of STEM Immigrants (2020)
Posted on: September 28, 2020
This report examines the Canada–U.S. differences in the occupational skill utilization and earnings of STEM-educated immigrant workers.
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What are the Settlement Experiences of Newly Settled Newcomers to Western Canada (2014)
Posted on: September 24, 2020
The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the settlement experiences of immigrants, such as their use and satisfaction with settlement services and how these services may influence integration into educational institutions, the labour market and the wider society and to examine common trends within five Canadian data sets.
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BRMC Research snapshot - Gender and Resilience Among Temporary Migrants in Waterloo Region (2020)
Posted on: September 21, 2020
The project identified challenges that affect temporary migrants because of their gender and status, focusing on both individual- and system-level resilience.
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Immigration and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (2020)
Immigration and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (2020)
Posted on: September 14, 2020
This study examines the empirical relationship between immigration and firm-level productivity in Canada.
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Persistent overqualification among immigrants and non-immigrants (2020)
Posted on: September 5, 2020
Using integrated data from the 2006 and 2016 censuses, this study examines persistent overqualification over time among immigrants and non-immigrants.
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Who is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants (2019)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This study is intended to inform Canadian policy and practice with respect to skilled immigrants, and to increase awareness among prospective immigrants of the factors that are associated with labour force success.
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Improving Immigrant Inclusion in the Workplace (2019)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This project aimed to uncover organizational practices and strategies to facilitate immigrant attraction, inclusion and retention.
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The Improved Labour Market Performance of New Immigrants to Canada, 2006-2019 (2020)
The Improved Labour Market Performance of New Immigrants to Canada, 2006-2019 (2020)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This report provides a descriptive analysis of the labour market outcomes of new immigrants to Canada from 2006 to 2019.
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Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery
Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study found that recent immigrants were more likely than Canadian-born workers to move out of employment in March and April mainly because of their shorter job tenure and over-representation in lower-wage jobs.
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Two-step Immigration Selection: Skilled Work Experience vs. Pre-arranged Jobs
Two-step immigration selection: Skilled work experience vs. pre-arranged jobs (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study focuses on the economic immigrants who were selected under Canada's Express Entry system in 2015 and 2016. It compares the degree to which Canadian work experience before immigration and pre-arranged employment at the time of application predict the initial labour market outcomes of these economic immigrants.
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Migrant Care Labour and the COVID-19 Long-term Care Crisis - How Did We Get Here (2020)
Migrant Care Labour and the COVID-19 Long-term Care Crisis: How Did We Get Here? (2020)
Posted on: August 9, 2020
This paper provides some context regarding the care crisis in LTC facilities, in particular its relationship with the type and skill mix of labour, including the degree to which immigrant workers are represented in this sector.
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COVID-19, Migration and the Canadian Immigration System: Dimensions, Impact and Resilience (2020)
COVID-19, Migration and the Canadian Immigration System: Dimensions, Impact and Resilience (2020)
Posted on: July 30, 2020
This report identifies, documents and assesses the many ways that the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has been affecting migration, borders, immigrant populations, and Canada’s immigration and settlement system between March, 2020 and June, 2020.
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Innovation in Immigrant-owned Firms in Canada (2020)
Posted on: June 17, 2020
This study found that small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) owned by immigrants were more likely than similar enterprises owned by Canadian-born individuals to implement a product or process innovation (2020).
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A Systematic Literature Review on Immigrants' Motivation for ICT Adoption and Use (2016)
A Systematic Literature Review on Immigrants' Motivation for ICT Adoption and Use (2016)
Posted on: May 26, 2020
In this study, the researcher sought to answer these questions: What motivates immigrants to use information and communication technology (ICT)? What are the factors that influence immigrants’ ICT behaviors?
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Who Is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants
Who Is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants
Posted on: February 2, 2020
World Education Services (WES) conducted a survey-based study to examine predictors of skilled immigrants’ career success. They examined the demographic characteristics of skilled immigrants as well as their experience and education, and studied how these factors affect their labour market outcomes.
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How Much Do They Make? New Evidence on the Early Career Earnings of Canadian Post-Secondary Education Graduates by Credential & Field of Study
How Much Do They Make? New Evidence on the Early Career Earnings of Canadian Post-Secondary Education Graduates by Credential & Field of Study
Posted on: February 2, 2020
Choices about post-secondary education (PSE) launch individuals onto their future educational and career paths. These decisions are vitally important to Canada’s economic prosperity as well to many individual and social outcomes. Against this backdrop, this joint LMIC-EPRI report provides extensive new evidence on the labour market earnings of PSE graduates.
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Are Refugees More Likely to Leave Initial Destinations than Economic Immigrants
Are Refugees More Likely to Leave Initial Destinations than Economic Immigrants? Recent Evidence from Canadian Longitudinal Administrative Data
Posted on: February 2, 2020
This study asks two sets of questions. First, are refugees more likely to leave their initial destination city than economic immigrants when group differences in sociodemographic and contextual characteristics are taken into account? Among refugees, are GARs more likely to leave their initial destination city than PSRs? Second, to what extent does the impact of unemployment on secondary migration vary by admission category? Among refugees, are GARs more likely than PSRs to leave their initial destination city when they experience unemployment?
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Canada’s Colour Coded Income Inequality
Posted on: January 4, 2020
This paper uses 2016 census data to paint a portrait of income inequality between racialized and non-racialized Canadians. It also looks at the labour market discrimina­tion faced by racialized workers in 2006 and 2016. Racialized workers are more likely to be active in the workforce than non-racialized workers, either working or trying to find work, but this does not result in better employment outcomes for them. From 2006 to 2016, there was little change to the patterns of employment and earnings inequality along racial and gender lines in Canada.
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Over-education Among University-educated Immigrants in Canada and the United States
Over-education Among University-educated Immigrants in Canada and the United States
By:
Posted on: December 3, 2019
Using comparable data and three measures of over-education, this study found that university-educated recent immigrants in Canada were much more likely to be over-educated than their U.S. peers.
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bots at the gate
Bots at the Gate: A Human Rights Analysis of Automated Decision Making in Canada’s Immigration and Refugee System
Posted on: November 27, 2019
This report focuses on the impacts of automated decision-making in Canada’s immigration and refugee system from a human rights perspective.
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Rebalancing the Opportunity Equation
Rebalancing the Opportunity Equation
Posted on: September 4, 2019
This report looks at income trends between 1980 and 2015, as well as the income gap between young people, immigrants, racialized groups and the rest of the population in Peel, Toronto and York regions. The findings paint a stark picture of who has access to the opportunities to succeed, and who is being left behind because of circumstances they can’t control. 
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BeyondTheBigCity
Beyond the Big City: How Small Communities Across Canada Can Attract and Retain Newcomers
Posted on: August 18, 2019
The Public Policy Forum, in partnership with Pathways to Prosperity, conducted research to determine how newcomer attraction and retention could be enhanced to contribute to the success of smaller centres and less densely populated regions across Canada.
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Waterloo Region Immigration Profile
Posted on: June 17, 2019
This report provides a profile of immigration in Waterloo Region by presenting data on both recent and established immigrants as well as temporary residents. The purpose of the report is to increase the understanding of immigrant populations in Waterloo Region to ensure that as a region and community, appropriate services and strategies are planned to include the broader needs of this population.
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Equipping Immigrant Selection Systems for a Changing World of Work (Transatlantic Council Statement)
Posted on: June 4, 2019
This report explores the implication of the changing world of work for immigrant selection systems, highlighting key challenges such as figuring out how to anticipate future labor-market needs, balance employer demand with human-capital considerations, and build an element of regional variation into selection processes.
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Computer use among immigrants in the workplace - how does it vary by gender, educational level, ethnicity, occupation and tenure?
Posted on: February 28, 2012
In order to assess the occupational integration of immigrants, this report asks whether immigrants and the Canadian-born have equal access to jobs that incorporate high levels of occupational skill.
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Are immigrant wages affected by the source of job search information?
Posted on: March 28, 2010
What are the labour market outcomes – in this case defined as average hourly wages – for currently employed immigrants, based on the source of information used to find their job?
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Research report on the feasibility of an e-mentoring component for the Host Program Network of Ontario
By:
Posted on: March 31, 2009
This research report studies the feasibility of an e-matching/e-mentoring component for the Host Program Network of Ontario, and particularly its applicability as a pre-departure strategy.
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Development of social support networks by recent Chinese immigrant women with young children living in London, Ontario.
By:
Posted on: May 28, 2008
The purpose of this paper is to examine the social support networks of recent professional Chinese immigrant women with young children who have settled in London, Ontario.
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