Publications, Research & Reports

Summaries of interesting and useful research. Be better informed on a variety of topics. Use up to date research in your work.
3 young people working outside at a cafe with laptops in front on them on the table, with text overlaid on image that reads Digital Nomads: Toward a Future Research Agenda (2023)
Digital Nomads: Toward a Future Research Agenda (2023)
Posted on: May 16, 2024
The research examines the phenomenon of digital nomadism, a movement where workers, often from developed countries, adopt a mobile lifestyle enabled by technology, allowing them to work remotely from various international locations. The study explores the characteristics, motivations, and implications of digital nomadism, particularly for migration scholars, the future of work, and the social contract between citizens and the nation-state​.
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Two women sitting at table reviewing paper reports, with text overlaid on image that reads Advanced Digital Technologies in Migration Management - A Review of Emerging Literature (2022)
Advanced Digital Technologies in Migration Management - A Review of Emerging Literature (2022)
Posted on: May 14, 2024
This research is about the use of advanced digital technologies (ADTs) in migration management. It explores how these technologies are being implemented and employed by state and non-state actors to manage migration processes, the types of technologies being used, their purposes, and the implications for migrants' rights, particularly privacy.
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Smiling Black woman sitting at desk with headset on in front of two laptops, with text overlaid on image that reads Exploring AI-Powered Migration Management in Canada through the Prisms of Algorithmic Governmentality, Technosolutionism, and Critical Data Studies (2024)
Exploring AI-Powered Migration Management in Canada through the Prisms of Algorithmic Governmentality, Technosolutionism, and Critical Data Studies (2024)
Posted on: April 19, 2024
This research paper explores the implications associated with deploying Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies in the domain of migration management for human rights in Canada. The research findings ultimately challenge pre-existing paradigms and contribute to a more balanced discourse, highlighting the intricate link between AI, migration, and human rights.
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Two women holding hands across a table, with text overlaid on image that reads Offline and isolated - the impact of digital exclusion on access to healthcare for people seeking asylum in England (2023)
Offline and isolated - the impact of digital exclusion on access to healthcare for people seeking asylum in England (2023)
Posted on: April 19, 2024
This report provides essential insights about the intersecting obstacles that people seeking asylum face when accessing healthcare digitally. It explores the impacts of digital exclusion on both wellbeing and access to healthcare for people seeking asylum in England, and sets out solutions for how to address this.
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Man and woman wearing medical masks sitting together in front of laptop while outside, with text overlaid on image that reads Transforming settlement and integration services during a pandemic (2024)
Transforming settlement and integration services during a pandemic (2024)
Posted on: April 19, 2024
Settlement services are key to Canada's success in welcoming and integrating immigrants. Offered mainly in person prior to COVID-19 by non-governmental agencies reliant on and regulated by government funders, services were forced online and delivered by staff working remotely. The authors document this transition between September 2020 and September 2021 in Ontario, Canada and the conditions that influenced it.
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Black woman sitting while reading report, with text overlaid on image that reads Current methodological approaches in studying the use of advanced digital technologies in migration management (2023)
Current methodological approaches in studying the use of advanced digital technologies in migration management (2023)
Posted on: April 19, 2024
Technology is becoming a bigger part of how countries and organizations manage migration. This paper offers an early review of academic and gray literature on the use of advanced digital technologies (ADTs) in migration management processes. The primary focus of this review is literature that discusses migration management technologies - ADTs used by institutional actors (governments, NGOs, transnational institutions).
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Promoting fairness in Canadian Immigration decisions: Report of the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration (2022)
Posted on: January 23, 2023
This report examines outcomes in Canadian immigration decisions and in the Canadian immigration system that may systematically and unjustifiably disadvantage certain populations based on characteristics such as race and country of origin.
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Two women working on computer together
Settlement services provided to immigrants to Canada, 2020 (2022)
Posted on: August 11, 2022
The Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB) has incorporated data from IRCC's Settlement Program and Resettlement Assistance Program focusing on services accessed by recent immigrants up to April 2021. The current article examines the settlement services accessed by adult immigrants admitted from 2016 to 2020.
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Promoting Privacy, Fairness and the Open Court Principle in Immigration and Refugee Proceedings (2021)
Posted on: June 4, 2022
This article suggests the Federal Court could enhance privacy interests in immigration and refugee proceedings without compromising the open court principle. It suggests that any measures taken to protect privacy should be crafted to avoid amplifying unfairness in access to legal materials. The Federal Court must avoid creating access regimes that asymmetrically block research and technological development that could advance the interests of refugees and other displaced people.
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Hands over survey data printouts
Why are Public Attitudes Towards Immigration in Canada Becoming Increasingly Positive? (2022)
Posted on: June 4, 2022
This reports asks: Why and how have public attitudes towards immigration in Canada grown more positive in the last 20 years? Can the changes in attitudes be accounted for by changes in population characteristics, or in the change in the effect of these characteristics? Did the 2008-2010 financial crisis affect support for immigration?
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Black couple talking to each other and smiling
Inventive pedagogies and social solidarity: The work of community‑based adult educators during COVID‑19 in British Columbia, Canada (2021)
Posted on: June 3, 2022
This article describes a study that investigated the pandemic-related work of community-based adult educators in the ethno-culturally diverse Canadian province of British Columbia.
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Immigration in the Era of Remote Work: Challenges and Opportunities for Canada (2022)
Posted on: June 3, 2022
This paper examines the intersection of the increasing adoption of remote work in Canada and Canada's ambitious immigration targets aimed at tackling growing demographic and labour challenges.
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white woman with glasses staring intently at computer screen
Information and Communication Technology in Migration - A Framework for Applications, Customization, and Research (2022)
Posted on: May 17, 2022
This paper addresses the role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in migration governance, support, and experience with particular attention to emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, social media, and virtual reality.
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Making Rural Immigration Work - Settlement Services in Small and Rural Communities (2022)
Posted on: April 9, 2022
This research looks at what it takes to make immigration work in Canada’s small and rural communities. It examines the availability of settlement services in small and rural communities under the current settlement service agreements, which began in 2020–21, and the final year of the previous settlement service agreements, 2019–20. It studies the institutional barriers to meeting the settlement needs of immigrants in small and rural communities and the role that government and other stakeholders can play in addressing these barriers.
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Digitalization and Artificial Intelligence in Migration and Mobility: Transnational Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic (2021)
Posted on: November 29, 2021
This paper argues that recent changes brought about by COVID-19 highlight that computational advances need to incorporate human rights throughout design and development stages, extending well beyond technical feasibility. This also extends beyond tech company references to inclusivity and transparency and requires analysis of systemic risks to migration and mobility regimes arising from advances in AI and related technologies.
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Migration and Resilience in Urban Canada - Why Social Resilience, Why Now (2021) - two racialized women walking their bikes in the city
Migration and Resilience in Urban Canada - Why Social Resilience, Why Now (2021)
Posted on: November 27, 2021
Drawing on an extensive review of recent literature about resilience and integration, this paper evaluates a social resilience approach to the integration of newcomers in Canadian cities. The authors advocate a social resilience approach that acknowledges how institutions of all types play critical roles in newcomers’ efforts to establish their lives in new places, especially when faced with unanticipated events such as a global pandemic.
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The Political Economy of a Modern Pandemic: Assessing Impacts of COVID-19 on Migrants and Immigrants in Canada (2021)
The Political Economy of a Modern Pandemic: Assessing Impacts of COVID-19 on Migrants and Immigrants in Canada (2021)
Posted on: August 21, 2021
This paper explores the COVID-19 crisis with a focus on immigration and migration in Canada using a political economy lens.
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Supporting Canada’s COVID-19 Resilience and Recovery Through Robust Immigration Policy and Programs (2021)
Supporting Canada’s COVID-19 Resilience and Recovery Through Robust Immigration Policy and Programs (2021)
Posted on: August 20, 2021
The importance of immigration for Canada will continue to grow and be an integral component of the country’s post-COVID-19 recovery. To succeed, it is essential to take stock, to re-evaluate Canada’s immigration and integration policies and programs, and to expand Canada’s global leadership in this area.
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Why Migrants Stay in Small and Mid-Sized Canadian Cities: Towards a New Analytical Framework Using a Life Course Approach (2020)
Posted on: August 20, 2021
This paper proposes an analytical framework to study immobility that centres migrants’ lived experiences and aspirations, using a life-course approach. The author argues that, asking why migrants stay, as opposed to why they leave, allows migration researchers to better understand the nuanced ways in which migrants form decisions to move to, stay in, build their lives in specific cities over time, in destination countries.
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Growing Impact - Post-secondary International Students in Toronto (2018)
Growing Impact - Post-secondary International Students in Toronto (2018)
Posted on: August 12, 2021
Approximately one-fourth of Canada’s international students study in Toronto, and their presence adds to existing diversity on campuses and in communities. This report documents international student trends and to better understand their impact on Toronto’s economic, social and post-secondary educational infrastructure.
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Finding Solutions for the Immigrant Serving Sector - Literature Review/Analysis (2020)
Finding Solutions for the Immigrant Serving Sector - Literature Review/Analysis (2020)
Posted on: August 12, 2021
This literature review provides a snapshot of the various trends that existed in settlement sector with respect to how newcomers settle in Canada before the COVID-19 pandemic started, as well as examples of how the settlement sector has significantly changed in response to the pandemic.
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Settlement Outcomes Highlights Report (2021)
Settlement Outcomes Highlights Report (2021)
Posted on: August 12, 2021
The Highlights Report is a compilation of existing data and research that provides evidence on newcomer settlement outcomes that support integration within Canada, for both clients of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)’s Settlement Program and non-clients.
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Using Machine-Learning to Triage Canada’s Temporary Resident Visa Applications (2021)
Posted on: August 12, 2021
This report defines several introductory concepts relating to artificial intelligence and machine learning and provides a review of existing literature that acknowledges efforts made to establish clarity on how the Canadian government uses artificial intelligence to manage migration to date.
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History and Legacy of Refugee Resettlement In Ottawa - A Primer (2016)
History and Legacy of Refugee Resettlement In Ottawa - A Primer (2016)
Posted on: January 31, 2021
This primer is intended to provide basic information on the history and legacy of refugee resettlement in Canada and to highlight Ottawa’s role in these efforts. It contains basic facts about refugees and Canadian refugee policy, a brief timeline of refugee resettlement in Canada, highlights from Ottawa’s history of refugee resettlement, and a myth buster intended to dispel some of the misconceptions about refugees and refugee resettlement history in Canada.
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What are the Settlement Experiences of Newly Settled Newcomers to Western Canada (2014)
Posted on: September 24, 2020
The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the settlement experiences of immigrants, such as their use and satisfaction with settlement services and how these services may influence integration into educational institutions, the labour market and the wider society and to examine common trends within five Canadian data sets.
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Immigration and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (2020)
Immigration and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Canadian Employer-Employee Dynamics Database (2020)
Posted on: September 14, 2020
This study examines the empirical relationship between immigration and firm-level productivity in Canada.
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Persistent overqualification among immigrants and non-immigrants (2020)
Posted on: September 5, 2020
Using integrated data from the 2006 and 2016 censuses, this study examines persistent overqualification over time among immigrants and non-immigrants.
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Who is Succeeding in the Canadian Labour Market? Predictors of Career Success for Skilled Immigrants (2019)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This study is intended to inform Canadian policy and practice with respect to skilled immigrants, and to increase awareness among prospective immigrants of the factors that are associated with labour force success.
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‘Mapping Migrancies’: A discursive mapping approach to analyse lived experiences of skilled migration infrastructures (2020)
By:
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This paper reports on a research project that explores a gap in exploring infrastructures of formal migration, and their entanglements with migrants’ own subjectivities by arguing for a new research agenda on migration infrastructure.
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Improving Immigrant Inclusion in the Workplace (2019)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This project aimed to uncover organizational practices and strategies to facilitate immigrant attraction, inclusion and retention.
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The Improved Labour Market Performance of New Immigrants to Canada, 2006-2019 (2020)
The Improved Labour Market Performance of New Immigrants to Canada, 2006-2019 (2020)
Posted on: August 25, 2020
This report provides a descriptive analysis of the labour market outcomes of new immigrants to Canada from 2006 to 2019.
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Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery
Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study found that recent immigrants were more likely than Canadian-born workers to move out of employment in March and April mainly because of their shorter job tenure and over-representation in lower-wage jobs.
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The State of Migrant Farm Workers in Canada - Special Report: Marking three decades of advocacy on behalf of Canada’s most exploited workforce (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This report suggests that fair treatment of Canada’s agricultural workers requires several urgent and significant reforms at both the federal and provincial levels.
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Evaluation of Canadian Refugee Resettlement Programs in the Assimilation of Refugees (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
The effectiveness of resettlement initiatives on refugee assimilation in Canada is assessed using the Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB) to follow refugee income variations between 1982-2015.
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Two-step Immigration Selection: Skilled Work Experience vs. Pre-arranged Jobs
Two-step immigration selection: Skilled work experience vs. pre-arranged jobs (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study focuses on the economic immigrants who were selected under Canada's Express Entry system in 2015 and 2016. It compares the degree to which Canadian work experience before immigration and pre-arranged employment at the time of application predict the initial labour market outcomes of these economic immigrants.
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Two-step immigration selection: Why did immigrant labour market outcomes vary by admission programs? (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This article examines the role of two-step selection in explaining differences in the short-term and medium-term outcomes of economic immigrants in four major admission programs: FSWP, PNP, QSWP, and CEC.
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Leveraging Technology for Refugee Integration: How Can We Help? (2016)
Posted on: August 12, 2020
The question of how ICT can be deployed for refugees’ integration is difficult one to answer. This panel looked at how the knowledge accumulated by the IS community can be leveraged to design targeted technological solutions to tackle this crisis and avoid the potential risks associated with it.
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The roles of government and non-governmental actors in settlement and integration in Quebec (2020)
Posted on: August 11, 2020
Many actors have different rolesin these processes of welcoming and integrating immigrants to Canada. This report attempts to describe the operation of this sector in the province of Québec.
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Migrant Care Labour and the COVID-19 Long-term Care Crisis - How Did We Get Here (2020)
Migrant Care Labour and the COVID-19 Long-term Care Crisis: How Did We Get Here? (2020)
Posted on: August 9, 2020
This paper provides some context regarding the care crisis in LTC facilities, in particular its relationship with the type and skill mix of labour, including the degree to which immigrant workers are represented in this sector.
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Post-Covid 19: The need to revisit Canada’s work regulation toward professional immigrants (2020)
Post-Covid 19: The need to revisit Canada’s work regulation toward professional immigrants (2020)
By:
Posted on: August 9, 2020
In this article, the author explores why during the Corona Virus Pandemic that Canada suffers from a shortage of health care professionals, it cannot benefit from its own immigrant professionals who immigrated to Canada as skilled workers?
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COVID-19, Migration and the Canadian Immigration System: Dimensions, Impact and Resilience (2020)
COVID-19, Migration and the Canadian Immigration System: Dimensions, Impact and Resilience (2020)
Posted on: July 30, 2020
This report identifies, documents and assesses the many ways that the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has been affecting migration, borders, immigrant populations, and Canada’s immigration and settlement system between March, 2020 and June, 2020.
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Between fragmentation and institutionalisation: The rise of migration studies as a research field (2020)
Between fragmentation and institutionalisation: The rise of migration studies as a research field (2020)
Posted on: July 30, 2020
There are studies that look at specific aspects of this process, for instance in terms of interdisciplinarity, theoretical and methodological developments, but research with a holistic approach is lacking. Our research question, therefore, is how has migration studies institutionalised in the past four decades?
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Integration Barriers and Information as a Solution: Report Based on Literature Covering 2005-2011 Inclusive
Integration Barriers and Information as a Solution: Report Based on Literature Covering 2005-2011 Inclusive
Posted on: February 22, 2020
This report is a synthesis of recent literature on how information can be used to address settlement and integration barriers experienced by newcomers to Canada.
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Are Refugees More Likely to Leave Initial Destinations than Economic Immigrants
Are Refugees More Likely to Leave Initial Destinations than Economic Immigrants? Recent Evidence from Canadian Longitudinal Administrative Data
Posted on: February 2, 2020
This study asks two sets of questions. First, are refugees more likely to leave their initial destination city than economic immigrants when group differences in sociodemographic and contextual characteristics are taken into account? Among refugees, are GARs more likely to leave their initial destination city than PSRs? Second, to what extent does the impact of unemployment on secondary migration vary by admission category? Among refugees, are GARs more likely than PSRs to leave their initial destination city when they experience unemployment?
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Canadian Immigrant Youth and the Education-Employment Nexus
Canadian Immigrant Youth and the Education-Employment Nexus
Posted on: January 26, 2020
The authors call for greater attention to this critical population and make nine recommendations that would contribute to solutions in each major issue area impacting the education of Canadian immigrant youth and their entry into the workforce.
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Social Policy Trends - Refugee Resettlement in Calgary
Social Policy Trends: Refugee Resettlement in Calgary
Posted on: January 26, 2020
The inflow of refugees to Calgary fluctuates widely over time, and varies considerably by country of origin. Social agencies must adapt to a continuously shifting kaleidoscope of people, cultures, languages and needs.
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Refugee Sponsorship Programs: A Global State of Play and Opportunities for Investment
Posted on: December 18, 2019
This MPI Europe policy brief takes stock of sponsorship programs worldwide - from the well-established Canadian private sponsorship program, to much newer and smaller-scale initiatives in countries such as Argentina, Germany, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom - and lays out a variety of ways private philanthropic actors can support these programs.
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bots at the gate
Bots at the Gate: A Human Rights Analysis of Automated Decision Making in Canada’s Immigration and Refugee System
Posted on: November 27, 2019
This report focuses on the impacts of automated decision-making in Canada’s immigration and refugee system from a human rights perspective.
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Mobilizing Global Knowledge: Refugee Research in an Age of Displacement
Posted on: October 10, 2019
Mobilizing Global Knowledge brings together academics and practitioners to reflect on a global collaborative refugee research network.
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LIP decision-making framework
The role of local immigration partnerships in Syrian refugee resettlement in Waterloo Region, Ontario
Posted on: August 26, 2019
This research focuses on the role of Local Immigration Partnerships (LIPs) in Syrian refugee resettlement through a case study of an official refugee reception centre in the Waterloo Region of Ontario and a series of interviews with key informants from multiple sectors involved in resettlement.
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Mapping migration studies: An empirical analysis of the coming of age of a research field
Posted on: August 3, 2019
Migration studies have developed rapidly as a research field over the past decades. This article provides an empirical analysis not only on the development in volume and the internationalization of the field, but also on the development in terms of topical focus within migration studies over the past three decades.
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Glossary on Migration
Posted on: July 5, 2019
The IOM Glossary on Migration is the result of a lengthy process of consultation within the Organization and with external academic and partner organizations and institutions. It is meant to reflect the way IOM understands a wide range of terms relevant to migration and to clarify how migration-related terms are legally defined or commonly used.
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Waterloo Region Immigration Profile
Posted on: June 17, 2019
This report provides a profile of immigration in Waterloo Region by presenting data on both recent and established immigrants as well as temporary residents. The purpose of the report is to increase the understanding of immigrant populations in Waterloo Region to ensure that as a region and community, appropriate services and strategies are planned to include the broader needs of this population.
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A systematic literature review of reported challenges in health care delivery to migrants and refugees in high-income countries – the 3C model
Posted on: June 14, 2019
Migrants and refugees have important health needs and face inequalities in their health status. Health care delivery to this patient group has become a challenging public health focus in high income countries. This paper summarizes current knowledge on health care delivery to migrants and refugees in high-income countries from multiple perspectives.
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Equipping Immigrant Selection Systems for a Changing World of Work (Transatlantic Council Statement)
Posted on: June 4, 2019
This report explores the implication of the changing world of work for immigrant selection systems, highlighting key challenges such as figuring out how to anticipate future labor-market needs, balance employer demand with human-capital considerations, and build an element of regional variation into selection processes.
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Immigration, Discrimination, and Trust: A Simply Complex Relationship
By:
Posted on: May 17, 2019
Immigration, Discrimination, and Trust: A Simply Complex Relationship
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