Publications, Research & Reports

Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery
Transitions into and out of employment by immigrants during the COVID-19 lockdown and recovery (2020)
Posted on: August 24, 2020
This study found that recent immigrants were more likely than Canadian-born workers to move out of employment in March and April mainly because of their shorter job tenure and over-representation in lower-wage jobs.
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Canada’s Colour Coded Income Inequality
Posted on: January 4, 2020
This paper uses 2016 census data to paint a portrait of income inequality between racialized and non-racialized Canadians. It also looks at the labour market discrimina­tion faced by racialized workers in 2006 and 2016. Racialized workers are more likely to be active in the workforce than non-racialized workers, either working or trying to find work, but this does not result in better employment outcomes for them. From 2006 to 2016, there was little change to the patterns of employment and earnings inequality along racial and gender lines in Canada.
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The Working Poor in the Toronto Region: A closer look at the increasing numbers
The Working Poor in the Toronto Region: A closer look at the increasing numbers
Posted on: January 4, 2020
The rate of working poverty in Canada, Ontario, and the Toronto region is increasing. The growth in precarious employment and the gig economy have all come together to increase the number of people who are working for wages that cannot sustain them and drawing incomes too low to lift them out of poverty.
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